Psychology Research Colloquium: Evolutionary Psychological Perspectives on Men's Violence Against their Female Partners
Farnaz Kaighobadi, Ph.D., HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies, Columbia University
109 Hauser Hall, all welcome
Evolutionary psychology offers a framework for investigating the design of evolved information-processing mechanisms that motivate behaviors, including costly behaviors, such as men’s violence against their female partners. This presentation reports on the results of three studies taking an evolutionary psychological perspective in investigating men’s partner-directed violence in the context of perceived partner infidelity. Study 1 documented a hierarchy of behaviors initiated with men’s suspicions of partner infidelity leading to men’s engagement in frequent non-violent mate-retention behaviors, ending in men’s partner-directed violence. Study 2 documented an interaction between men’s personality traits and the context of perceived partner infidelity risk to predict men’s perpetration of violence. Finally, Study 3 extended Studies 1 and 2 by taking into account men’s life histories, including men’s accounts of their parents’ parental investment and men’s self-reports on behavioral and emotional self-regulation. The participants for all three studies were drawn from universities and surrounding communities in the southeastern Unites States. The three studies together built a comprehensive model of proximate and ultimate predictors of men’s perpetration of violence against female partners in intimate relationships and may shed light on our understanding of sexual conflict in the context of intimate relationships in general.
Farnaz Kaighobadi, Ph.D. is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the HIV Center for Clinical and Behavioral Studies at Columbia University and New York State Psychiatric Institute. She received her Ph.D. in Experimental Psychology from Florida Atlantic University. Prior to her appointment at the HIV Center, Dr. Kaighobadi conducted research at the Evolutionary Psychology Lab at Florida Atlantic University, investigating human sexual behavior and sexual conflict from an evolutionary psychological perspective resulting in about a dozen publications including empirical research, book chapters and book reviews. At the HIV Center, Dr. Kaighobadi is currently investigating sexual violence, sexual risk behaviors and the association between the two among sexual minorities in the U.S. and in South Africa. The results of her research will have implications for the design of HIV prevention interventions. Dr. Kaighobadi is APA’s special projects representative to the United Nations.
Friday, 30 November, 2012